Salt water fish

Written by Robert Walker On October - 5 - 2011 under Aquarium 0 Comment

It is well known that salt water fish are more difficult to care for than freshwater fish. Not all fish placed in the stores selling aquariums are actually adjusted to life in captivity.

Find out first what you want

Before you buy try to set the record straight about what kind of environment you would like to have in your tank, types of fish that live well together and how they behave.
When you enter the store would be better to have an idea what species you want, instead of blindly buying anything that looks beautiful. This is especially important if you intend to keep several species in the same aquarium. For example, a Ballista should not be placed in the tank before the tank is populated because it has a highly developed sense of territory and if you place him first he will believe that the aquarium is all his. You also need to know what kind of food they eat and what kind of special needs dose the water have to have in order for the fish to be interested.
At first it would be better to buy only a type of fish. Most suitable are Damsel fish, Bleni, Gobi, Basslet, Apogonii, surgeon fish, fish Labride family. Invertebrates that live in reefs, such as starfish, shrimp and crabs, are usually more difficult to care for and it is better to have some experience when you buy any.

Now that you’ve formed a general idea about the fish you want to put in the aquarium, you have to consider several other issues. To buy healthy fish you can inquire at the store personnel and also you can do a few observations.

Do not buy fish “only brought”. They just try to adapt the store environment. You move them again and it may prove too traumatic for them. You’d better buy fish that have been in the store for at least two weeks.

Track little fish activity that you want to buy. Normally swim, or they appear inactive and soft? The fact that the fish has difficulty when swimming could be a sign of more serious problems.
Look carefully at skin, eyes and fins. Healthy eyes are clear, not misty. Skin lesions or discolored areas, unless they are part of the normal color of the fish they are signs of harassment or illness and should not be bought also no skin should not have a foggy appearance. Fins should be intact, not pinched or bent. Find any sign of disease. For example, never buy a copy that has white spots on the skin or fins, that stains indicate disease or a coral reef, or water, both the diseases are caused by a parasite that will infect your home aquarium. The last thing you need, especially as a beginner, is to be forced to buy medical treatment.

A fish can look sick just because the seller did not deal with it properly. It may need only a good care. But the difference between such a sick fish and one is hard to grasp, especially for a novice in the hobby, so if you do not have too much experience, it is better to buy only fish that seem to be in shape.

Ask the shop what you should give the fish you want and buy to eat that and how often it is fed. A fish that eat normal healthy stomach is rounded and full. When the head appears abnormally high or too tucked up belly is a sign of disease or poor care.

After you have decided to buy it is advisable to ask the merchant to fed your fish before you take him. This will give power and energy and will have a slight advantage when he’ll have to face the trauma of moving into another tank. It should also interest you what kind water dose your fish prefer. You should ask what temperature dose his water has to be, what its pH and salinity should be in the aquarium.

Freshwater fish due to their natural environment of origin are accustomed to large variations in water quality. Instead, salt water fish do not really meet strong fluctuations of water quality in their natural environment – why are, physically, unable to bear the powerful changes. For this reason, in a salt water aquarium you can not have the same number of fish as in an aquarium with fresh water the same size.

A general rule and easy to apply for an aquarium, is given by calculating the centimeters of fish per liter of water. Usual recommendation for a salt water aquarium is 5 to 7.5 centimeters over 40 liters of water. According to the rules of thumb, in a 200-liter aquarium can enter more than 22.5 centimeters of fish; while in an 80-liter one can only enter 15 centimeters of fish. However there is a little secret of salt water systems: the bigger the tank is , the more stable the water quality will be in him and so you can put more fish. If you have gained some experience, you can put in an aquarium of 200 liters up to 50 cm fish and some invertebrates depending on the care provided to monitor water quality.

Do not add too many fish at once in any system. Add one, two creatures every few weeks, especially if you have a brand new aquarium to give bio-filters a chance to adapt.

Salt water fish Pictures Gallery

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