Aquarium water filtration

Written by Robert Walker On October - 6 - 2011 under Aquarium 0 Comment

Filtering the tank water is essential if you want your fish to lead long, healthy lives. However, filtering fish tank equipment can sometimes be very expensive. Nevertheless, if you have a drinking water filter, you can use the filtered water for the fish tank, as long as your filter is very good at trapping chlorine. On, you can find some great reviews of the filters that can rid your tap water of chlorine. This way, you will have clear water both for drinking and for your fish. Nevertheless, if you are truly passionate about your fish, you may want to invest in some special filters for them.

Types of filters:

Pumps Filter

These filters, power to drive water through the filter media comes from a propeller rotor located just inside the central unit of the filter. The water displacement capacity developed by such a device is of several hundreds or even thousands of liters per hour. Among the disadvantages of these filters are those like: they provide too much power for a common situation and their water absorption mouth is too wide and the small fish can be aspirated. Slow fish (goldfish or Siamese fighters) will be tired of fighting with constant current generated by a filter and may happen to be drawn by suction mouth which sometimes filter to block.

Inner filter pumps

These are the most popular forms of filtration today. Most are equipped with a simple sponge, rude, performing both mechanical filtration, and on the biological. The two sponges are proving better when it comes to cleaning or replacement sponges filtering. Replace only a sponge and keep an old sponge so that the beneficial bacteria can be maintained high enough.

There are models where the sponge filter and bio-filter medium is different. Most are equipped with additional air intake (air aspiring injecting it into the water) and flow control devices and expelled filtered water jet direction.

If you propose to develop vegetation aquarium, choose a model of relatively slow to filter tank volume (the whole quantity is sufficient movement of water in the tank only 2 to 3 times in an hour), remove the carbon filter and make sure that exhaust pipe is located below the water. Also, by closing the additional air outlet the release of CO2 and nutrients is not accelerated by the movement of air and by agitation of the surface. Be careful when balancing but in this case because aquarium fish can u run out of oxygen. In practice, we had excellent results simply letting the water jet pump just to make some waves on the surface of the aquarium light.

External filter pumps

Although they are among the most expensive, they offer the highest degree of filtration and are intended for large aquariums with fish that leave a lot of dirty stuff behind. These filters can contain any combination of filter media; a standard is one that meets sponge, carbon and ceramic materials. As their name implies, they are placed outside the aquarium, ideally the filter unit to find even in the aquarium in a cabinet, now being made using flexible fortune. Upon returning into the aquarium water can adapt and even a spray device for extra aeration. Some models have built-in heating or UV lamps, which are not insignificant advantages.

Compared with internal filter pump, the exterior turn out to be a little difficult to assemble (requires above average skill, or can flow) and primed (complex operation involving water filter filling empty air while connecting pipes ). For these reasons it is advisable to follow the accompanying instructions carefully or call filtering facility to a specialist.

Vibrators (air pump)

Although considered by some as outdated today, they can be some very effective internal biological filters if properly used.

The air comes from a pump that uses air outside the active element vibrating rubber membrane. The air is directed to the aquarium through an air pipe provided with a valve that prevents water entry to the pump.
Although the actual filters are very cheap, use an additional air pump and accessories related to air flow up the costs of using such a filter, bringing it up to the pump inside the filter medium.

Sponge filter is still used widely discus fish breeders and all tanks containing juvenile fish. Advantages: low speed, large area and gentle aspiration.
Filter – water vacuum plate with a perforated plate placed under the gravel. In this case even gravel acts as a filter medium, so it is advisable to be in enough and are spread all over the board. Disadvantages: inhibit plant growth and accumulation of dirt in the gravel mass can lead to a decrease in water quality.
Filter – the most versatile box of vibrators, as this box can be filled with filter media that respond best needs of each tank separately. But there are only effective for small aquariums and they are not too matters. Usually used for aquariums – nursery or aquarium – quarantine.

Practical tips:

-When choosing a filter, I always prefer the multi-media filtration. This is where the beneficial bacteria will grow.

-Never wash the filter media under running tap water! Chlorine and chloramines in the water will destroy the beneficial bacteria population. Is it better to use water taken from the aquarium water when changing sides.
-If you buy fish at times driven by sudden impulse, it’s good to have at hand a mature filter. You can thus accommodate new fish arrive in optimal conditions from day one.

Aquarium water filtration Pictures Gallery

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