Aquarium shark fish

Written by Robert Walker On November - 7 - 2011 under Fish Breeds 0 Comment

Although not a true shark, he bares the name because it is commonly referred to so because of his torpedo shape and slender body.

Scientifically Name:
Balantiocheilos melanopterus (Bleeker, 1851)

Synonym:
Barbus melanopterus, Puntius melanopterus

Name:
Bala Shark, Tricolor Shark, Silver Shark, Shark or minnow

Habitat:The Bala shark is an average depth fish spread over the lakes and rivers originating in Southeast Asia: Southern China, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo islands.

Size:
This fish can reach up to 35 cm.

Description:
Although not a true shark, because it is commonly called the torpedo shape slender body and a triangular dorsal fin. Its scales color is silvery on large covering the whole body, pelvic fins with edges, anal, dorsal and caudal black. The mouth is small, previously located, without spines or mustache and big eyes.

Water parameters:
Although more tolerant to changes in water parameters, then other fish, he prefers light to medium water hardness (5.0-12.0 DGH), pH between 6.2 and 7.8 and a temperature of 22-27 ° C

Aquarium:
It requires an aquarium of at least 150 cm long and 450l, the basin must be equipped with many hiding places, floating wood, rocks, dense vegetation areas and swimming pool areas. As can jump over 1.5 m in the air, the cap should not miss. Interior ponds are also a viable option for raising these fish.

Behavior:
It is a popular aquarium fish, contrary to the name “shark” it is quite peaceful and very active little fish. It is recommended by some authors to keep them in groups of 3-5 otherwise if they do mange to survive they will become shy and withdrawn themselves, preferring to stay hidden. Invertebrates like snails and ghost shrimp, are part of the aquarium shark fish diet in his natural environment.

Compatible Species:
There are aggressive, as are small can be good companions for Danio, Guppy, Xipho and Cory, however should be kept with fish smaller in size than them.

Food:
Fish are omnivores, feeding on phytoplankton average depth, small crustaceans, insects and larvae, they can be fed industrial food (flakes and pellets) supplemented with live worms and snails. They search the substrate carefully looking for pieces of food left over from the previous feeding. Some articles also note that they are consumers of algae, plant population and help control the algae growth. I found nothing specifying what types of algae it is they eat.

Dimorphism:
Females bulging tummy and waist are smaller than males, aquarium shark fish males have more intensely colored fins.

Reproduction:
Unfortunately the reproduction in this species is not very documented, yet professional breeders are breeding them in Asia. Bala shark is an oviparous species, spawning and fertilization is external. They do not guard their eggs or babies. In the wild they migrate to special places where they mass deposit. The shark becomes sexually mature when they reach a minimum length of 10 cm. It is not easy to reproduce these species in aquariums that’s why they rarely reproduce in captivity. However, if reproduction is attempted, a few conditions should be meet. Breeding aquarium should be about 500l, with sieve deposit. Multiplication ratio is 2 males to one female. Temperature for deposition is 25 to 26 ° C, pH 6.4-7.0 slightly acid and hardness

Notes:
It is an endangered species in most of it’s areas of origin; Thailand being the only country where the aquarium shark fish managed the successfully breed in captivity.

Aquarium shark fish Pictures Gallery

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