Many beginner aquarists’ chose to populate their aquariums with algae eating fish because they think these will solve their problems related to the permanent algae combat in the aquarium. Of course, they are wrong. Learn more about algae eating fish!
There are very few beginners aquarists who do not buy Ancistrusi. I buy them but not because they will solve problems regarding the permanent algae combat in the aquarium like some beginners do. Then beginners of course, remain disappointed and usually it turns out that this is just a dream in vain, despite the fact that clean water Ancistrusii eats a large amount of algae. But if there is biological balance, the solution will not work well either with or without any fish. On the other hand, if the algae mass is not large enough, the fish begin to eat aquarium plants. Of course, reduces their popularity in the eyes immediately owners. It is important to note that the mere presence of these fish does not solve the algae cleaning task.
Loricariidae: catfish with flat head
The species of Algae eating fish that are most often found in aquariums are part of the family Loricariidae – like all algae eating species, are originating from South America. They are characterized by their skin completely covered with bony plates. Their body is flattened. They can be found in very clean water. With a mouth shaped into a cup, they can stick fixed to the bed in case of a very strong flow. Most food is the plants, so it is recommended that you provide regular greens and vegetables. Frozen or fresh like spinach, but we prefer in the form of puree frozen (in stores). If you want to give them green leaves of spinach, radish and lettuce, you have to fix them on the bottom of the aquarium stones or wall to catch it using suction cups.
Loricariidae family has four subfamilies, as follows:
Loricariinae. Among these are in total 35 varieties (after Franke 1985).
Among the subfamilies listed the most popular and most commonly sold are Ancistrinae and Loricariinae. When transporting these algae eating fish species, you should be aware that plastic bags have the edges bound, so seedlings do not stick to each other and do not die to squeeze. Some copies may stick to the wall of the bag, so the introduction of the tank requires little attention and experience.
According to some writers, the species formed from the mixture of several species (after Hirmetzl 1993). Their body is covered with plenty of bone plates with complex shapes. Not hard to grow, just be careful to cover the basin well as younger specimens tend to leave the tank using cables and other pipes, which of course leads to animal death. Males present some growths on their head, “antenna” or “increase”. In females this decoration is missing completely, so it is easy to define sexual dimorphism.
Their growth does not require any extraordinary equipment. Simply having a mediocre tank with a volume of 30-50 liters is enough. Clean water is essential crystalline water from the tap or a similar one is right. As “furniture” can use a small hollow or a cave, which can be made even from a broken pot or a hollow brick well, that kind of hideout is to be placed in the water. The male cares for eggs, hold the mouth of the cave wall, so they will be sufficiently protected. After approx. 6 days of hatching and another 5-6 days of maturation, fishes leave the “nest”. Their growth is easy, parents do not eat them. Other known subfamilies are Pekoltia, Panaque, ETC.
Another subfamily is widely Loricariinae subfamily. This species is rarely seen in pet stores. Who is a little more familiar with the species of catfish, he certainly heard about these varieties: Sturisoma, Loricaria filamentosa, Rineloricaria, etc. Dasyloricaria. They are probably the most famous representatives of the subfamily. It is characterized by a very thin structure of the body, narrow lot, especially in the tail, but relatively large head and bone Oneness. The eyes are small, their mouth has a lower position, is often decorated with whiskers or swelling. Males have long skin growths on the sides of the head that become more evident during spawning. Sexual dimorphism can easily be found since the male head is round, while the females head is triangular in shape (after Franke).
Since they are nocturnal creatures, in daylight they stick to rocks or the tank wall while at night the algae eating fish do their biddings. They do not like warm water, it is recommended that temperature remains below 25 ° C and do not forget the use of air spray. There are too demanding on water quality, like water hardness of 10 ° DGH, with neutral pH. Since you are in a community aquarium and usually feed at night, make sure that water will remain sufficient food.
Algae eating fish Pictures Gallery